A City Dedicated To Sufi Saint Salim Chisiti- Fatehpur Sikri

Royal, soulful, divine ... a place that is very close to my heart and I have visited this place more than five times. 40 Km away towards the west of Agra situated a place called Fatehpur Sikri. Once the capital of  Emperor Akbar for the period of 1571 to 1585. Preserving the history over many years, Sikri was the first planned city of Mughal. The efficient system of drainage and water supply adopted here suggest an extremely intelligent town planning by Mughal Emperor, but unfortunately, he abandoned this place due to the lack of water supply.

This city is bound on three sides by the wall of six km, fortified by towers and pierced by nine gates. Fatehpur Sikri is listed among the world Heritage sites by the UNESCO. It is a well-preserved example of Mughal Architecture in India which took 15 years in planning and construction. The entire series of royal palaces, harems, courts, a mosque, private quarters and utility building, is a full day adventure for any history enthusiast. Let me take you to the tour of this royal place through my words.

Buland Darwaza

This enormous gateway is the largest Gateway in the world and has a height of 54 meters. One need to climb 42 steps to reach the gate. It was made to honor Emperor Akbar success in Gujrat and is a fine blend of Persian and Mughal architecture. On the front pillars and Chhatris, it has a calligraphic inscription from the holy Quran. Just outside the Darwaza is a deep well in which local daredevil use to jump from the top of the entrance into the well.

Salim Chisti Dargah

Akbar constructed this entire city in the honour of great Sufi Saint Salim Chisti, who successfully predicted the birth of the heir to the throne Akbar's son, Jahangir. It is indeed the most notable building in the complex is the tomb of Salim Chisti, impressive marble stone structure building which stands out precisely among the red sandstone monument. Earlier it was built in red stone by Akbar, but later Shahjahan changed to white marble. The tomb has been constructed on an elevated platform that is about one meter high, a flight of  5 step landing to the entrance portico.

There are Jali of marble around the main tomb. People still come to the Dargah to pray with the hope of having the child and seek the blessing of the saint of getting their wishes fulfilled. I don't know about my wish, but seriously, I felt a great peace after being there and that is above everything. 

Jami Masjid

Jami Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India and is a most sought after pilgrimage site by devotees. It covers a rectangular area with a large courtyard and built on a raised platform and has a large central dome with surrounding minarets and other smaller domes. The exterior is the modest, but the interior carries the most gorgeous ornamentation and geometrical patterns in brown, black, white, red and turquoise. There is a fabulous blend of two structural systems of beams and arches in a well-maintained balance. The structure is said to have been built under the supervision of the Saint Salim Chisti.


Hall of a private audience of the Emperor and used for serious, confidential and diplomatic discussion. This area is famous for its central decorated pillar consisting of 36 elegantly carved brackets in the Gujarati style heavy and ornate and sprouting in shape. The patio had two grand thrones, one for the Emperor made of white marble and the other for the visitors that was made up of black slate. It was said that the famous Peacock throne adorned this place until the invasion of Nadir Shah.

Panch Mahal

Inspired by Buddhist temples, this beautiful and magnificent five-storied building constructed for relaxation purpose. There are 84 pillars on the ground floor and total 176 pillars on a total that supports the entire structure. The topmost story has 4 columns supporting a beautiful ornate square shape Chattri. The upper portion of each column in this building is designed by the floral vase, arch or rosette pattern carving.

Emperor Akbar mainly used this area for his recreation and amusement purpose with his queens. The pavilion gives a majestic view of the fort that lies to the left. There is a pool that is known as Anoop Talab. It is said that it is here that the legendary 'Tansen' (one of the Navratnas of the Emperor Akbar's court) would hold his musical performance, singing his Trademark 'Mian Ki Malhar' raga, and bringing rain from the skies.

Jodha Bai Palace and other Queen's residence

These splendid palaces and monument were once the home of Emperor's Queens and now it is a very popular tourist attraction. Akbar married many women, but only three women were entitled Mughal Empress i.e  Ruqaiya Sultan (Muslim), Salima Sultan (Christian) and Jodha Bai (Hindu). This palace complex exemplifies traditional architecture of different regions. Fatehpur Sikri and Agra have distinctly separated places for these three Queens.

Jodha Bai has a temple built inside this fort, for her religious pursuit. She also gains historical importance as the Queen who gave birth to the next Mughal Emperor, Jahangir. The living quarters are all built after keeping the courtyard as the centre of the complex.

Birbal Palace

Mughal Emperor was tolerant towards all the religions and gave equal opportunity to people of all religion to serve in the Mughal Court. Birbal was a Brahmin and was a close associate of Akbar. Birbal always made the Emperor Akbar unanswered by his intelligence and became very dear to him.
So, Akbar gave him a palace in the royal enclosure of Fatehpur Sikri. The Floral design, carved and wonderful geometrical pattern makes his palace outstanding.

There are more to explore like Ibatatkhana, Ankhmicholi, Naubat Khana and Hiran Minar etc. Very fewer people know that Sikri has been mentioned in the 'Mahabharat' as 'Saik' which means region surrounded by water.
 I really don't want to miss any point of the experience of this place on this blog, but I am bound because I don't want to make it monotonous and want everyone to go and visit this divine place at least once in the lifetime. Please do share your experience of this place whenever you are going to visit.
Happy Exploring!


  1. There are many places which contains the historic souls within. The Provinces and the capitals of powerful rulers throughout the World
    sprinkles the colors of that ancient era. We always get attracted and sometimes addicted to uncover the thoughts and creativity of sleeping history. Mughals being the great emperor left lots of remarkable marks in the history of asian civilisation. Good work with awesome photographic and literature piece of work. Waiting for next.

  2. Very nice clicks and description is also remarkable your efforts for collecting informations are really appreciable


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